Rugs: North American Rugs - Navajo rugs, American Indian rugs and native American rugs
North American is the name given to flat weave rugs and blankets woven by Native Americans in the Central Western areas of the US, mainly in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado. These rugs are better known as Navajo rugs.
The weaving of Navajo rugs is the continuation of a long tradition of excellent craftsmanship that dates back nearly three centuries.
It is believed the Navajos learned the craft from the Pueblo Indians around 1700, as early examples of Navajo weaving show the close parallels between the two groups. The principal difference between Navajo and Pueblo weaving is that the Navajos used wool, while the Pueblos used cotton.
In the mid 1800s, the Navajos started using dye sources and yarns from the Europeans, especially the Germans and Spanish. Along with dyes and commercial yarn, the Europeans brought designs that could be incorporated into the flat weaves of the Navajos. These were usually Oriental patterns, which the Europeans apparently couldn't get enough of.
From the Navajo's own designs, the most famous examples were the 'Chief Blankets', which were worn on the shoulders of the tribe's chief. These items were extremely popular with the other Plain's Indians.
Navajo weaving changed radically in the last twenty years of the 19th century. Commercial ready-to-use yarns were available in a variety of colors, and by 1890 the Navajo Indians were weaving mainly for the trading posts and white tourists.
The traders were a great influence on the weavers, and the requests for pillow covers and bed covers to decorate white homes resulted in a proliferation of quickly woven, inferior pieces.
By 1890, after many years of blankets and bed coverings, white settlers were demanding covering for the floor. The Navajo rugs were born as the Indians were quick to oblige.
The Indians were now weaving less of their traditional simple and abstract geometric designs and more American pictorials designs including patriotic patterns and railroad scenes and houses. The traditional rugs are virtually lost and very rare today and designers seem todesire their 'Aztec' look for modern settings.
There are a few settlements that might still be weaving Navajo rugs, but much like all the other aspects of the Indians' culture, the Navajo rug is but a faint memory to them.
You have the dress, the veil, the jewelry, even the right underwear for your wedding, but what are you missing? The right wedding shoes can mean the difference between bliss and blisters, radiance or a ripped hem. Not every wedding shoe is right for your wedding, no matter how cute. Choosing the right wedding shoes requires a lot of considerations including season, groom height, wedding dress style, color and length of the dress, cost, wedding formality, fit, construction, length of time and location of venue, and bridal preference.
Wedding shoes should always be coordinated with the hem and base of the gown rather than the bodice or veil.
If satin shoes are preferred, it is important to remember that almost all satin wedding shoes are too white to match wedding gown fabric and must be dyed to properly coordinate.
Be sure to budget plenty of money toward wedding shoes. They are an important accessory.
Proper wedding shoe fit is essential due to the fact that receptions and weddings are typically lengthy events involving a lot of time on your feet. Shoes that are too big will result in tripping. Wedding Shoes that are too small might ache your feet after a day of standing.
Maintaining seasonal guidelines is still essential, especially on your big day. Winter is no time to wear sandals.
Purchase two types of wedding shoes, specifically with a comfortable pair for your reception if you plan on a lot of dancing.
Select a heel size that compliments your groom so that you are at the right height for photographs. Be sure to have your gown hemmed with your heel height in mind.
Whites vary. Don't guess. Be sure to carry a swatch of your gown while wedding shoe shopping.
For ultra-formal gowns, choose classy wedding shoes instead of clunkers.
Purchase shiny wedding shoes to match shiny wedding gowns, matte boca shoes to match matte gowns.
Be careful when choosing Lucite or vinyl wedding shoes for the glass slipper look. They can make your feet sweat and cause blistering if the fit or form is improper for your feet.
Be sure if you choose a sandal that the fit is taut enough to not cause too much give. It can cause your dress to get trapped between your wedding shoe and gown, resulting in gown damage or tripping.
Break in your wedding shoes for several weeks prior to the wedding day, but be sure not to get them dirty.
Choose a wedding shoe that will not bring attention to itself. You don't want to wear shoes that incline guests to stare at your feet. When in doubt, choose a more simplified shoe.
Shop for wedding shoes later in the day when your feet are slightly swollen.
Add special traction pieces to the bottoms of your wedding shoes for safety or hand-scuff sole surfaces to prevent you from slipping while you walk.
Be sure to coordinate embellishments with your gown. If you have rhinestones or crystals in your gown, you might choose to put rhinestones or crystals on your shoes. If you have pearls on your bodice, perhaps you will want pearls on your shoes as well.
Let your wedding shoes fit your personality. If you want white boots, buy white boots. Just be sure to consider all of the other aspects of wedding shoes when selecting them.
Think out your wedding shoes well. Stay focused and don't over-do it. If your gown is at a length that will keep your feet hidden, spending a large chunk of your wedding budget on shoes is not necessary.
If you want ultra comfort and classic style, think satin ballet slippers.
Don't wear someone else's concept of the perfect wedding shoes. Use your heart and your head without being forced into buying unwanted shoes by that bridal boutique consultant, your matron of honor, or your mom.
Remember, your wedding shoes are an essential part of your wedding wardrobe. Be sure to keep in mind your budget, accessories, and desires. In addition, consider helping your groom select his shoes if he is not renting them from the tux shop. Some of the same considerations come to mind in choosing the right wedding shoes for your husband-to-be, an activity he may not have thought about. With careful shoe consideration, your feet can look fabulous without aching by the time you get to your honeymoon.
Accent Lighting - Accent lighting can add important drama to a dining room by creating exciting visual interest. As part of the decorating scheme, accent lighting should be used to spotlight paintings, houseplants, sculpture, and other prized possessions, or to highlight the drapery or the texture of a wall. Good accent lighting can be especially helpful in a dining room to help create an especially attractive space.
Cabinet Lighting - Cabinet lighting should be mounted closer to the cabinet front - not near the back of the cabinet. This allows the light to easily illuminate the object below.
Chandeliers - A chandelier is often the focal point of the dining room. As such it should be hung about 30 inches above the tabletop and should be at least 6 inches narrower than the table on each side.
Color - Think about the importance of color in the dining room, then use proper lighting to bring out that dramatic color.
Dimming Systems - Today's dimming systems enable you to do several things: lower light levels to conserve energy and increase bulb life, vary the mood of a room, and alter the intensity of the light to suit the activity. A dimming system is virtually required in the dining room to create just the right dining ambiance.
Fluorescent Lighting - Fluorescent lighting probably should not be used at all in the dining room unless it is used as a source of indirect light and even then it probably should be dimmable.
General Lighting - General lighting provides a space with overall illumination. Also known as ambient lighting, general lighting radiates a comfortable level of brightness, enabling one to see and walk about safely. In the dining room this light usually is provided by the chandelier or pendant hanging over the dining room table.
Indirect Lighting - Coves, soffits and other concealed locations can be used to provide very pleasant, very effective indirect lighting with xenon light sources or possibly T5 or T8 fluorescent fixtures.
Layers of Light - There are three basic types of lighting that work together to light a home: general lighting, task lighting, and accent lighting. A good lighting plan combines all three types to light an area, according to function and style.
Low Voltage Halogen Lighting - Low-voltage halogen lighting offers a very white, crisp kind of light source that has excellent color rendering capabilities and often makes crystal, cut glass, polished surfaces, and jewelry "sparkle". If you do employ low-voltage halogen lighting in the dining room, you should consider using SoLux? MR16 lamps which provide "the closest thing to natural daylight".
Pendants - In general, pendants should be hung about 30 inches above the tabletop and be about 12 inches narrower that the table on all sides.
Wall Grazing - Wall grazing provides dramatic illumination that reveals the texture of special materials, such as the brick and stone used in fireplaces. Wall grazing is uneven, brighter and scalloped at the top of the wall. For the most exciting effects, use PAR lamps in small aperture down-lights. Locate the down-lights no more than 12 inches from the wall and the same distance apart. Wall grazing also lights polished surfaces, such as marble without distracting reflections in the surface.
Wall Washing - Wall washers are special down-lights that direct light up to the top of the wall. They eliminate the shadows, sometimes called "scallops", which are characteristic of simple down-lights. Do no space wall washers more than 36 inches apart. For the smoothest effect, space wall washers 24 inches from the wall and 24 inches apart. Avoid locating wall washers near doors where they can glare into the eyes of people entering the room.
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