Safety tips and precautions, laws and regulations, and equipment for boating safety.
Every summer, many people are injured or even killed because they fail to follow proper boating safety tips. If you are a new boater, you should be sure to take a boating course, and you should read your boat manual carefully. Check the requirements in your state in case there are specific laws regarding owning and operating boats.
1. Always wear a life jacket. Have enough life jackets for everyone in the boat.
2. Always keep small children in their life jackets. It can only take a second for a small child to disappear overboard when someone's back is turned. 3. Instruct all the people who ride in the boat with you about proper safety techniques.
4. Once on the lake, observe posted speed limits, and right-of-way marker buoys.
5. Drive defensively. Don't cut in front of others.
6. Show courtesy to other boaters.
7. If you are going boating alone, be sure to tell someone what lake you will be on, and what time you will return.
8. Have an easily accessible fire extinguisher available in case of a fire.
9. Don't drink and drive.
10. Obey all lake rules, such as no-wake zones.
11. Make sure you have a tow rope on board in case your boat breaks down. That way, if another boater comes along, he or she can tow you back to the boat dock.
12. Have emergency devices such as a flare gun and an air horn on board.
13. Most people these days have cell phones for emergencies, so don't forget to bring yours along. Be sure to put it somewhere safe in the boat, though. You don't want it to fall overboard.
14. Have your keys on a floating keychain in case you accidentally drop them into the water. You should remember to store all your valuables in a safe place, because, again, you don't want them to fall into the water.
15. When driving, watch for waterskiers, tubers, and jet skiers. A lot of times, jet skiers zoom all over the lake and they can cut right in front of you before you know it. In addition, jet skis (and tubes) can carry more than one person, often children, and they may not understand all the rules of the road, especially since parents let their young children drive jet skis (even if they are not supposed to).
16. After unloading your boat into the water, be sure you tie it securely to the dock. You do not want to come back from parking your trailer to find that your boat has drifted out into the lake.
17. When loading your boat, be careful when putting your boat onto the trailer. Make sure all latches and tow ropes are properly secured before pulling the trailer out of the water.
18. After loading the boat onto the trailer and pulling it out of the water, make sure that all unsecured items such as trash, fishing poles, and tackle boxes are secured. You do not want to be driving down the road and have something fly out of the back of your boat into following traffic.
19. Be sure to check the boat trailer lights and tires before setting out on the road.
20. Carry a paddle in the boat in case of an engine breakdown. Sometimes you might want to carry more than one paddle. It is not unknown for paddles to break.
21. You might also want to carry a spare battery in case the regular battery fails for some reason.
22. Before leaving the dock, make sure you have enough gas in the gas tank, and that all engine fluids have been properly maintained.
23. Wear sunscreen.
Mountaineering and rock climbing terms can be as foreign as another language if you are new to the sport. Here are the A to Z's in some of the terms you will use while participating in these exciting sports. Mountaineering and rock climbing terms can be as foreign as another language if you are new to the sport. Here are the A to Z's in some of the terms you will use while participating in these exciting sports.
A; Abseil. Abseiling is a method that can be used to safely descend using a rope, also know as rappelling. The speed at which you descend is controlled by friction that the person descending by wrapping the rope around the body or with another mechanical friction device.
B; Belay. Belaying is the term used to describe managing a rope system where one person is protecting another while he is exposed on the face of the rock. The person belaying is able to stop the rope in the case of a fall.
C; Cams and chocks are mechanical wedges and devices that are used as protection. They come in many sizes and are placed in the crack of the rock with a quick draw and karabiner which is clipped to your rope.
D; Daisy Chain is a sling, usually made of nylon, that is tied or sewn strongly into numerous sections. They can be used to clip gear to, such as your quick-draws or cams.
E; Etriers is a ladder, sewn or tied, made from rope or nylon strapping. They are used when artificially climbing or aid climbing to step up to the next aid.
F; Fifi hook. The fifi hook function is somewhat like the daisy chain?s. You can use the fifi hook to quickly "hook" into a piece of placed protection to immediately protect yourself or rest. It is only a hook, and unlike the karabiner, when the draw is slack, the hook may come unseated from the protection.
G; Girth hitch. The girth hitch is an easily tied knot used to secure nylon webbing to a partially driven piton.
H; Hero loops. Used for aid climbing, hero loops are a short sling or tie off used in aid climbing. Usually ? inch webbing threaded through protection instead of a karabiner.
I; Ice axe. The ice axe is a basic tool which looks like a traditional axe. They vary in size and have a pick on one side an adze on the other. Used primarily for arresting falls on ice and snow and assisting the climber in vertical ice climbing.
J; Jamming or Jam is wedging your hands, feet, arms, knees and legs in the cracks of the rock to facilitate holds.
K; Karabiners (or Carabineers) are the universal method of managing rope systems while climbing. They are two basic shapes, oval or "D". However, there are many shapes that stem from those, pear-shaped, off-set "D" and bent gate. They are usually aluminum, alloy or steel. There are three types; Locking, lightweight and normal.
L; Leading or leader is the climber who climbs the pitch first.
M; Monkey hang. The monkey hang is an ice climbing technique used to overcome a bulge in the ice.
N; Nut is a general term used to describe the wedges used as protection, jammed in a crack with a quick-draw attached.
O; Overhangs and roofs describe climbing terrain where just as is sounds, is climbing horizontally, upside down. The rock could either be in a cave or a jutting out rock that is over-vertical.
P; Pitons or pegs are used as protection. It is driven into the rock securely and a girth hitch or karabiner is attached.
Q; Quick-draw was originally a trade name; however the name caught on and is now used to describe an extension or short sling. Usually made of nylon webbing with sewn loops at each end to facilitate a karabiner.
R; Rack. Your rack is all of your gear you are carrying for the climb. Usually organized on your harness, and slings or tied (rope) around your body.
S; Soloing is climbing without a rope for protection.
T; Twin rope is the term used to describe using two smaller ropes together as one rope for protection.
U; Undercling or undercut is an upside down hold and is usually more difficult to hold.
V; Verglas is the thin ice that forms on rocks from rain or melting snow is frozen.
W; Well protected, is the term used to describe a route that has more than sufficient protection and runners in place.
Y; Yosemite hoist is an assisted hoist used to haul up small loads. It consists of a karabiner or pulley attached above the load, a rope threaded through the pulley and tied to the load.
Z; Z pulley rescue system, or 3:1 pulley system allows a large mechanical advantage to the puller. Used to lift heavy loads such as an unconscious climber too safety.
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